The “10,000 Hour Rule”
We hear these buzzwords thrown around a lot in educational circles these days. Why? Because they’re catchy! But what do they mean? The concepts are interrelated, andÂ they stem from a series of recent research projects. Today we’ll look at a few new books about the science behind growth mindsets.
Peak: Secrets from the New Science of ExpertiseÂ by Anders Ericsson and Robert Pool
ThisÂ is the book that initially resparked my interest in this subject.Â Anders Ericsson was the researcher who studied “deliberate practice” back in the 80s and early 90s. SomeÂ of the those studies centered on violin students in a German music conservatory. The analysis concluded thatÂ the students who performed the best at the University level, and who would eventually go on toÂ leadÂ careers as soloists or leading some of the world’s finest orchestras, had spent on average 10,000 hours of practice by the time they entered the conservatory.
This was a primary source that Malcolm Gladwell used in one chapter from his book Outliers: The Story of Success. In his new book, Ericsson argues that the so-called “10,000 Hour Rule” was a faulty extrapolation of his research data, but that itÂ gained so much momentum because it was a catchy round number. Regardless, it caught on.
Beyond that element, the book digs into great detail about London taxi drivers, the talent myth, the U.S. Navy’s Top Gun school, the fascinating art of memorization, the best female chess players in the world, and a litany of other topics.
About Peak, Stephen Dubner from Freakonomics writes:
â€œMost â€œimportantâ€ books arenâ€™t much fun to read. Most fun books arenâ€™t very important. But with Peak, Anders Ericsson (with great work from Robert Pool) has hit the daily double. After all, who among us doesnâ€™t want to learn how to get better at life? A remarkable distillation of a remarkable lifetime of work.â€
Outliers: The Story of Success by Malcolm Gladwell
Outliers was the second book that I read by Malcolm Gladwell, and it rocked me. As mentioned before,Â Outliers is the book that popularized the “10,000 Hour Rule” but it has so much more in it. This was the book that helped me begin to look for hidden reasons behind things.
Why are most Canadian professional hockey players born in January, February, and March?Â Is it a coincidence that Bill Gates and Steve Jobs Â were both born in 1955? Is thereÂ much difference in performance between someone with an IQ of 130 and someone with an IQ of 180? All of these issues are addressed inÂ Outliers.
Dave Ramsey tweeted:
Malcolm Gladwell Rocks. Read Outliers.
The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen R. Covey
This book got me through a family road trip to Washington, D.C. oneÂ summer. I admit, it’s difficult to read such a dry book while inÂ a moving car, but itÂ sure made the time pass quickly.
Through the years since reading this book, I frequently find myself returning to the habits and doing a quick rundown of them to sharpen my skills as a teacher and to help identify why problems may be arising.
If you’ve been around the business world for any length of time, you have undoubtedly heard references to this book, either directly or indirectly. I know many school administrators model the staff training around Dr. Covey’s methods as well.
As a point of reference, the Seven Habits are:
- Be proactive
- Begin with the end in mind
- Put first things first
- Think win-win
- Seek first to understand, then be to understood
- Sharpen the saw
Two more on my “must-read” list
Grit: The Power of Passion and Persistence by Angela Duckworth
This is the next book on my list to read (listen to) about the subject. I heard Angela Duckworth on a recent episode of Freakonomics called How to Get More Grit in Your Life. On the podcast, she discussed spelling bee champions, childhood memories of her father constantly telling herÂ “you’re no genuis”, and the downside of grading schools on grit.
Yeah, even though so many staff development sessions concentrate on increasing rigor and helping our students become “grittier”, and even thought Duckworth spends so much of her energy on convincing people of the efficacy of grit, she acknowledges that the newness of these kinds of studies lends itself to unpredictable measurements. To put itÂ another way, gritÂ and rigor are currently unmeasurable in practical terms. Should we strive for it? Yes. Should we inadequately measure and reward or punish for it? Not at this time.
From what I can tell so far, the basic premise is that passion and tenacity far outweigh intelligence or so-called “talent” in success in any endeavor.
â€œA contemporary classicâ€”a clarifying and deeply-researched book in the tradition of Stephen Covey and Carol Dweck. For anyone hoping to work smarter or live better, Grit is an essentialâ€”and perhaps life-changingâ€”read.â€
Originals: How Non-Conformists Move The WorldÂ by Adam Grant
I have heard so muchÂ buzz about this book lately that is has also worked its way into my “must-read” list. I take solace in my delay though, becauseÂ I know Adam Grant actually has quite glowing things to say about procrastination in this book.
I’ll write more in-depth about this conceptÂ later, but as I see it, mastery of any skill hasÂ four levels: Understanding, Skill, Craftsmanship, and Artistry.Â What interests me most is thatÂ PeakÂ isÂ about developing the craft,Â Grit is about developingÂ skill, andÂ Originals is about developing the artform by breaking out of the traditional mold.
With examples taken from the civil rights movement, U.S. presidents, Leonardo Da Vinci, andÂ Nobel Prize winners, the books seems varied enough that it will maintain my interest.
Malcolm Gladwell writes:
â€œReading Originals made me feel like I was seated across from Adam Grant at a dinner party, as one of my favorite thinkers thrilled me with his insights and his wonderfully new take on the world.â€Â â€”Malcolm Gladwell, author of OutliersÂ andÂ The Tipping Point